1. Genesis 1:27:
“God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.”
The Hebrew word for man is ‘Adam’. Adam was just called ‘man’. Therefore, Adam was created in the image of God. Some liberal translations say ‘mankind’ instead of ‘man’, but this is not an accurate representation of the Hebrew. Indeed, Paul’s first letter to the Corinthians says:
“For a man … is the image and glory of God; but the woman is the glory of man. For man does not originate from woman, but woman from man; for indeed man was not created for the woman’s sake, but woman for the man’s sake.”
Man is made in the image of God, but woman is made in the image of man.
2. Genesis 2:18-23
“Then the LORD God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone; I will make him a helper suitable for him.” … So the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; then He took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh at that place. The LORD God fashioned into a woman the rib which He had taken from the man, and brought her to the man. The man said,
“This is now bone of my bones,
And flesh of my flesh;
She shall be called Woman,
Because she was taken out of Man.””
Woman is the helper for man and is made from man. She is not to be his master or leader.
3. Genesis 3:1-3
“…And [the serpent] said to the woman, “Indeed, has God said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden’?” The woman said to the serpent, “From the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat; but from the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat from it or touch it, or you will die.’”
This is not actually what the command was. For in Genesis 2:16, God’s command to Adam was: “From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die.”
Eve has added “you shall not touch it”. Had the woman misinterpreted Adam’s command? Or had Adam incorrectly conveyed God’s command to the woman?
4. Genesis 3:4-6
“The serpent said to the woman, “You surely will not die! “For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil. When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate.”
She took the fruit was because “it was good for food, and was a delight to the eyes, and desirable to make one wise”. Did the woman actually fall for the deception and believe the serpent when he said “you surely will not die”? It doesn’t say it in Genesis, though in 1 Timothy 2:14 we are told that the woman was in fact deceived.
Perhaps she knew she would die if she took the fruit, but she took it anyway because of her desire for it. But if so, in what sense was she deceived?
5. Genesis 3:7
“Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loin coverings.”
Before they took the fruit, they did not know they were naked: Genesis 2:25 “the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed”.
Sin separates our souls from God. Thus, the moment they sinned, their spiritual connection to God was immediately severed and self-awareness seems to have been the necessary result.
6. Genesis 3:8
“They heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden.”
They knew they had done something wrong. If Eve had truly been deceived – in the simple sense of the word – by the serpent, she would not have been aware of her wrongdoing – so why hide? Yet her newfound self-awareness must have indicated to her that she had been severed from God.
Adam had not been deceived and so would have been aware of their newly fallen condition in any case.
7. Genesis 3:9-11
“Then the LORD God called to the man, and said to him, “Where are you?” He said, “I heard the sound of You in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid myself.” And He said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?”
God interrogates the man, not the woman. For the man is the leader of the household, and he bears responsibility for the actions of his wife. This is not to say that she is not also responsible, but the man also bears some blame for the sins of his wife and children.
8. Genesis 3:12
“The man said, “The woman whom You gave to be with me, she gave me from the tree, and I ate.””
Man seeks to blame God for his inadequacies.
9. Genesis 3:13
“Then the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” And the woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.””
The woman shifts the blame also.
10. Genesis 3:14
“The LORD God said to the serpent,
“Because you have done this,
Cursed are you more than all cattle,
And more than every beast of the field;
On your belly you will go,
And dust you will eat
All the days of your life…”
Was the serpent not already cursed?
11. Genesis 3:15
[still to the serpent]
“…And I will put enmity
Between you and the woman,
And between your seed and her seed;
He shall bruise you on the head,
And you shall bruise him on the heel.””
The first prophecy of Christ.
12. Genesis 3:16a
“To the woman He said,
“I will greatly multiply
Your pain in childbirth…”
Therefore, childbirth was already painful before the fall.
13. Genesis 3:16b
“…Yet your desire will be for your husband,
And he will rule over you.”
Compare this language with Genesis 4:7: “sin is crouching at the door; and its desire is for you, but you must master it.” The phraseology is identical.
Sin’s desire is to master man, but man must master sin. Woman’s desire is to master man, but man must master woman.
14. Genesis 3:17
“Then to Adam He said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree about which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat from it’;
Cursed is the ground because of you;
In toil you will eat of it
All the days of your life.”
Adam was cursed because he listened to the voice of his wife, and thence took of the fruit. Adam sinned twice (?); Eve, once.
15. Genesis 3:20
“Now the man called his wife’s name Eve, because she was the mother of all the living.”
Until this point, the woman was unnamed. Adam names his wife.
16. Genesis 3:22
“Then the LORD God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of Us, knowing good and evil; and now, he might stretch out his hand, and take also from the tree of life, and eat, and live forever”— therefore the LORD God sent him out from the garden of Eden, to cultivate the ground from which he was taken.”
Knowledge here refers to true knowledge or understanding; not just intellectual knowledge. Yet God understands good and evil without ever having engaged in evil. Yet for man to know good and evil, he had to engage in both.